Methods Twenty APE specimens, comprising 10 SAPEs and 10 ELAPEs,

Methods. Twenty APE specimens, comprising 10 SAPEs and 10 ELAPEs, were selected randomly from a single UK centre. Transverse slices of pathological specimens were matched to corresponding TPCA-1 axial MRI images obtained from conventional pelvic MRI imaging. Measurements from the muscularis propria to the resection margin [muscularis

to margin (MTM) distance] were recorded by height (from anal verge) and quadrant for each surgical group. MTM distances achieved on histopathological assessment were also compared to MRI assessed distances necessary to achieve a clear CRM. Results. ELAPE specimens had a greater mean MTM distance than for SAPE (7.75 vs. 5.61 mm, p = 0.02). ELAPE had significantly greater MTM distances in lateral and posterior quadrants (p smaller than 0.05) than SAPE at 30-49 mm. There was no significant difference in mean anterior distances (1.57 vs. 1.16 mm, p = 0.507) with the smallest difference at a height of 60-69 mm. Two (2 %) of pathological MTM distances within

ELAPE group failed to achieve the minimum MRI assessed distance compared with 30 (23 %) in the SAPE group, which had higher CRM positivity. Conclusions. ELAPE appears to confer oncological benefit over SAPE but with notable exceptions, including tumours located above and below the puborectalis sling and anteriorly at the level of prostate where exenteration may be more appropriate.”
“The existence and stability of multipeaked solitons are investigated in a parity-time symmetric superlattice with dual periods under both self-focusing and self-defocusing nonlinearity. For self-defocusing nonlinearity, dipole solitons with low power and all the odd-peak solitons can exist stably in the first gap, while dipole solitons with high power and even-peak (except two) solitons are unstable. For self-focusing nonlinearity, even-peak out-of-phase solitons

can propagate stably in the infinite gap, while odd-peak in-phase solitons are unstable.”
“Background: Sugammadex is designed to antagonize neuromuscular blockade (NMB) induced by rocuronium or vecuronium. In clinical PD98059 mouse practice, we have noticed a rise in the numerical values of bispectral index (BIS) and Entropy, two electroencephalogram (EEG) -based depth of anesthesia monitors, during the reversal of the NMB with sugammadex. The aim of this prospective, randomized, double-blind studywas to test this impression and to compare the effects of sugammadex and neostigmine on the BIS and Entropy values during the reversal of the NMB.\n\nMethods: Thirty patients undergoing gynecological operations were studied. Patients were anesthetized with target-controlled infusions of propofol and remifentanil, and rocuronium was used to induce NMB. After operation, during light propofolremifentanil anesthesia, NMB was antagonized with sugammadex or neostigmine.

Soil samples were obtained from a long-term trial conducted on a

Soil samples were obtained from a long-term trial conducted on a Mollisol in northeast China in the topsoil layer (0-20 cm) of bareland, grassland and cultivated lands under continuous maize, continuous soybean, continuous wheat and maize-soybean-wheat rotation. The grassland had the largest fraction of >2 mm aggregates, followed by aggregates in 1-0.5 mm class, while other soils had the largest FK506 purchase fraction of 1-0.5 mm aggregates, followed by aggregates in 0.5-0.25 mm class. Aggregate stability, expressed as mean weight diameter (MWD), was largest in the grassland (1.73 mm) and smallest in the bareland (0.77 mm) and wheat cropping treatment (0.74 mm). Among the cropping systems, continuous

wheat seems to be less effective at improving soil aggregation. Irrespective of land use, the highest contents of total organic C (TOC), total polysaccharides (TPS) and dilute acid-extractable polysaccharides (DAPS) were found in microaggregates and selleck chemicals llc the lowest contents were observed in the silt and clay particles. Aggregate stability had a better correlation with DAPS (R-2 = 0.71**) than TPS (R-2 = 0.65*) and TOC (R-2 = 0.35*), indicating that polysaccharides extracted by dilute acid might be a suitable indicator of soil aggregation in this region.”
“The use of seclusion within acute psychiatric settings is contentious. As evidenced by its use in practice, seclusion

continues to be supported by mental health-care professionals. However, there is a growing evidence base that indicates that it is viewed negatively by patients and causes symptoms of severe distress. In Australia and several other countries, the use of restraint and seclusion is now being questioned, and there are now policy directives S3I-201 order to reduce or abandon these practices. Despite mental health-care professionals’ awareness of the potential detrimental effects of seclusion, the practice is strongly embedded in Australian mental health settings. This paper describes an improvement project to develop and

implement a clinical decision-making framework around the use of seclusion. The setting was an acute mental health-care facility servicing a large health district in south east Queensland, Australia. The impetus for this project was driven by concerns expressed by consumers of the service and our own need to reduce the incidence of seclusion and the length of time of seclusion events to below 4 hours’ duration. This improvement project employed practice development and action research principles to engage colleagues in the development of the framework. The project duration was 6 months, and resulted in two decision-making frameworks around the use of seclusion: the decision to seclude and the decision to release.”
“Introduction: HIV causes progressive impairment of the cellular immune system leading to increased susceptibility to infectious agents. Parasitic infestations are common in HIV-infected patients and usually lead to diarrhoea.

04 mu g/ml monthly decrease in plasma CFD concentration, whereas

04 mu g/ml monthly decrease in plasma CFD concentration, whereas no changes were observed for C5a and C3d. Lutein supplementation markedly decreases circulating MLN4924 purchase levels of the complement factors CFD, C5a and C3d levels, which might allow a simple method to control this inflammatory pathway of the innate immune system.”
“Microscopical visualization of nanoparticles in tissues is essential for assessing their distribution in whole organisms and their interaction with the cellular microenvironment, including possible toxic effects. However, labeling of nanoparticles with fluorescent dyes may affect their physicochemical properties. Moreover,

the detection of organic nanoparticles in their tissue context often poses a particular challenge due to their closer similarities with biomolecules. As part of a biodistribution and toxicity study on organic anti- inflammatory nanoscaled dendritic polyglycerol sulfate amine (dPGS amine) we have established light microscopic autoradiography (LMA) for the tracking of S-35 labeled dPGS in standard histopathological tissue samples following intravenous injection in mice. The dPG(35)S amine was specifically localized in hepatic Kupffer cells with no histopathologic evidence of toxic, degenerate or inflammatory side effects. The combination of radiolabeling of organic nanoparticles

with LMA offers a novel approach for their localization in microscopical slides, also allowing for a simultaneous standard toxicopathology analysis. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“An see more air-stable palladium catalyst formed in situ from commercially available components efficiently catalyzed the transetherification between ethyl vinyl ether and various alcohols to lead to the corresponding original vinyl ethers in 40-84% yield in a single step. First, a series of vinyl ether monomers that bear various functional groups, such as halogenomethyl groups, amino groups, carbonate side-groups, oligo(ethylene oxide), and oligo(fluoroether) chains, were prepared and characterized by H-1 and C-13 NMR spectroscopy. Then, radical copolymerization of such novel vinyl ethers with chlorotrifluoroethylene (CTFE) led to alternating poly(CTFE-alt-VE) copolymers that contained

various functional dangling groups. A series of copolymers with different amounts of functional groups were obtained in fair to good yield (32-81%). Their alternating structure was confirmed by elemental analysis as well as by H-1, F-19, and C-13 NMR spectroscopy. Their thermogravimetric analyses under air showed decomposition temperatures at 10% weight loss (T-d,T- 10%) ranging from 214 to 324 degrees C. The oligo(fluoroether) chain-based copolymers appeared more thermostable than those based on other various functional groups.”
“Nitric oxide (NO) is a molecule involved in many reproductive processes. Its importance during oocyte in vitro maturation (IVM) has been demonstrated in various species although sometimes with contradictory results.

In 2005/2006, follow-up of gestational diabetes occurred in 47% (

In 2005/2006, follow-up of gestational diabetes occurred in 47% (all normal).\n\nConclusion: A massive increase in DIP was seen. The neonatal outcomes improved slightly. There is need for improvement in follow-up of gestational diabetes.”
“In this paper, an efficient model structure

composed of a second-order resistance-capacitance Tariquidar network and a simply analytical open circuit voltage versus state of charge (SOC) map is applied to characterize the voltage behavior of a lithium iron phosphate battery for electric vehicles (EVs). As a result, the overpotentials of the battery can be depicted using a second-order circuit network and the model parameterization can be realized under any battery loading profile, without a special characterization experiment. In order to ensure good robustness, extended Kalman filtering is adopted to recursively implement the calibration process. The linearization involved in the calibration click here algorithm is realized through recurrent derivatives in a recursive form. Validation results show that the recursively calibrated battery model can accurately delineate the battery voltage behavior under

two different transient power operating conditions. A comparison with a first-order model indicates that the recursively calibrated second-order model has a comparable accuracy in a major part of the battery SOC range and a better performance when the SOC is relatively low.”
“Shape analysis techniques such as geometric moment descriptors, Fourier descriptors, wavelet descriptors etc. have been used commercially in the fields of biometrics for finger print matching, iris matching and facial recognition for almost over a decade. These techniques are capable of decomposing high resolution images with 10(5) to 10(6) pixels into only a few hundred unique shape descriptors which are a true representation of the features in the corresponding images thus tremendously reducing the computational data and time required for image analysis and comparison. This paper explores the possibility of employing shape

analysis techniques to facilitate the comparison of full-field data obtained from techniques such as digital image correlation, thermoelasticity and photoelasticity for the purpose of validation GSK1904529A of computational models and damage assessment. A new shape descriptor is introduced which combines Fourier decomposition with Zernike moments. The Fourier-Zernike descriptor is shown to be capable of decomposing full-field strain distributions containing engineering features and discontinuities arising from damage by combining the desirable properties of its parent shape descriptors while eliminating their individual limitations.”
“BACKGROUND: Mulberry juice is an excellent source of phytochemicals with medicinal properties.

Near infrared (NIR) excitation is preferred because NIR light is

Near infrared (NIR) excitation is preferred because NIR light is safer and can penetrate deeper in biological tissues. However, most photolabile groups cannot be excited by NIR light directly. So light conversion from NIR to UV/visible is required. Nanomaterials that display upconversion or two-photon-excitation properties have been developed that can serve as nanotransducers, converting NIR to UV/visible light to which the aforementioned photoresponsive moieties are sensitive. This Account will review the existing light-based nanoparticle delivery systems, their applications, the limitations they face, and the technologies that have emerged in an effort to overcome these limitations.”

connectivity (FC) reflects the coherence of spontaneous, low-frequency fluctuations

in functional AZD1480 chemical structure magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data. We report a behavior-based connectivity analysis method, in which whole-brain data are used to identify behaviorally relevant, intrinsic FC networks. Nineteen younger adults (20-28 years) and 19 healthy, older adults (63-78 years) were assessed with fMRI and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Results indicated that FC involving a distributed network of brain regions, particularly SB202190 inhibitor the inferior frontal gyri, exhibited age-related change in the correlation with perceptual-motor speed (choice reaction time; RT). No relation between FC and RT was evident for younger adults, whereas older adults exhibited a significant age-related slowing AG14699 of perceptual-motor

speed, which was mediated by decreasing FC. Older adults’ FC values were in turn associated positively with white matter integrity (from DTI) within the genu of the corpus callosum. The developed FC analysis illustrates the value of identifying connectivity by combining structural, functional, and behavioral data.”
“Antiviral drugs for treating polyomavirus BK (BKV) replication in polyomavirus-associated nephropathy or hemorrhagic cystitis are of considerable clinical interest. Unlike cidofovir, the lipid conjugate 1-O-hexadecyloxypropyl cidofovir (CMX001) is orally available and has not caused detectable nephrotoxicity in rodent models or human studies to date. Primary human renal proximal tubular epithelial cells were infected with BKV-Dunlop, and CMX001 was added 2 h postinfection (hpi). The intracellular and extracellular BKV DNA load was determined by quantitative PCR. Viral gene expression was examined by quantitative reverse transcription-PCR, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence microscopy. We also examined host cell viability, proliferation, metabolic activity, and DNA replication. The titration of CMX001 identified 0.31 mu M as the 90% effective concentration (EC(90)) for reducing the extracellular BKV load at 72 hpi. BKV large T antigen mRNA and protein expression was unaffected at 24 hpi, but the intracellular BKV genome was reduced by 90% at 48 hpi.

Interestingly, decreases in N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA), as well as

Interestingly, decreases in N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA), as well as in taurine, exceeded those in neuronal glutamate, suggesting that

the putative neuronal marker NAA is rather a sensitive marker of neuronal viability. With further ischemia evolution, additional, more profound concentration decreases were detected, reflecting a disruption of cellular functions. We conclude that early changes in markers of energy metabolism, glutamate excitotoxicity and neuronal check details viability can be detected with high precision non-invasively in mice after stroke. Such investigations should lead to a better understanding and insight into the sequential early changes in the brain parenchyma after ischemia, which could be used for identifying new targets for neuroprotection.”
“Background: ON-01910 Percutaneous transcatheter closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO) in cryptogenic stroke is an alternative to medical therapy There is still debate on different outcome for each currently available device. The impact of residual shunting after PFO-closure on recurrent

arterial embolism is unknown.\n\nAims: (i) To evaluate the prevalence of residual interatrial shunting after device- closure of PFO, (ii) to identify risk factors predicting residual interatrial shunting after device implantation, and (iii) to investigate the outcome of patients after PFO-closure during long-term follow- up (FU).\n\nMethods and results: Between 2000- 2005 PFO-closure was performed in 124 patients using four different devices: Amplatzer PFO-(n = 52), CardioSeal (n = 33), Helex (n = 23) and Premere (n = 16) occluder. All patients underwent serial contrast-enhanced transesophageal echocardiography (TEE)

for 24 months after PFO- closure; clinical FU was at minimum 5 years up to 9.75 years (mean 6.67 +/- 1.31 years). Overall-closure rate was 87% at 2 years, device-specific closure time curves differed significantly (p-logrank = 0.003). Independent risk factors for residual-shunting were implantation of a Helex occluder (hazard ratio [HR] 12.6, 95% confidence interval 2.6- 57.4, p = 0.002), PFO- canal- lengths (HR 1.2, 95%CI 1.1- 1.3, p = 0.004) and extend of atrial-septal-aneurysm (HR 1.1, 95%CI 0.9- 1.3; p = 0.05). 4(3.2%) arterial embolic events occurred during a FU-period of selleck products 817.2 patient-years, actuarial annual thromboembolic-risk was 0.49%. All ischemic events were not related to residual PFO-shunting or device-related thrombus- formation.\n\nConclusion: Success rates of PFO closure are mainly dependent on occluder-type, extend of concomitant atrial-septum-aneurysm and PFO-canal- length. Importantly, residual shunting after PFO-closure was not associated with recurrence of arterial embolism during long-term follow-up.”
“We analyzed the clinical features of inpatients at a Japanese pediatric department who were infected with pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus. Study participants included 46 children hospitalized from July 2009 to January 2010.

These derivatives were evaluated for their in vitro antibacterial

These derivatives were evaluated for their in vitro antibacterial activities against a panel of Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. 15 (4′-O-(3-Phenylpropanoyl)-9-O-acetyl-desmycarosyl josamycin) and 16 (4′-O-butanoyl-9-O-acetyl-desmycarosyl josamycin) exhibited comparable activities to josamycin against S. aureus (MSSA) and S. epidermidis (MSSE). (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Existing diagnostic tests for pleural tuberculosis (TB) have inadequate accuracy and/or

turnaround time. Interferongamma (IFNg) has been identified in many studies as a biomarker for pleural TB. Our objective was to develop a lateral flow, immunochromatographic test (ICT) based on this biomarker and to evaluate the test in a clinical cohort. Because IFNg is commonly present in non-TB pleural effusions in low amounts, a diagnostic IFNg-threshold was first defined with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent Nutlin-3a inhibitor assay (ELISA) for IFNg in samples from 38 patients with a confirmed clinical diagnosis (cut-off of 300pg/ml; 94% sensitivity and 93% specificity). The ICT was then designed; however, its achievable limit of detection (5000pg/ml) was over 10-fold higher than that of the ELISA. After several iterations in development, the prototype ICT assay for IFNg had a sensitivity of 69% (95% confidence interval (CI): 50-83)

and a specificity of 94% (95% CI: 81-99%) compared to ELISA on frozen samples. Evaluation of the prototype in a prospective clinical cohort (72 patients) on fresh pleural fluid samples, Ion Channel Ligand Library in comparison to a composite reference standard (including histopathological and microbiologic test results), showed that the prototype had 65% sensitivity (95% CI: 44-83) and 89% specificity (95% CI: 74-97). Discordant results were observed in 15% of samples if testing was repeated after one freezing and thawing step. Inter-rater variability was limited (3%; 1out of 32). In conclusion, despite an iterative development and optimization process, the performance of the IFNg ICT remained lower than what could be expected from the published Veliparib inhibitor literature on IFNg as a biomarker in pleural fluid. Further improvements in the

limit of detection of an ICT for IFNg, and possibly combination of IFNg with other biomarkers such as adenosine deaminase, are necessary for such a test to be of value in the evaluation of pleural tuberculosis.”
“This review focuses on so-called “periodic syndromes of childhood that are precursors to migraine,” as included in the second edition of the International Classification of Headache Disorders. Presentation is characterized by an episodic pattern and intervals of complete health. Benign paroxysmal torticollis is characterized by recurrent episodes of head tilt, secondary to cervical dystonia, with onset between ages 2-8 months. Benign paroxysmal vertigo presents as sudden attacks of vertigo lasting seconds to minutes, accompanied by an inability to stand without support, between ages 2-4 years.

In order to elucidate the direct nephrotoxicity mechanism, the ai

In order to elucidate the direct nephrotoxicity mechanism, the aim of the present study was to investigate BinsV cytotoxicity effect on check details renal epithelial cells. The treatment

with BinsV over MDCK culture decreased cell viability in all concentrations tested with IC50 of 9 mu g/mL. BinsV was able to induce membrane rupture and cell death with phosphatidilserine externalization. Furthermore, BinsV induced ROS overproduction and mitochondrial membrane potential collapse, as well as Bax translocation and caspases 3 and 7 expression. Therefore, these events might be responsible by BinsV-induced cell death caused by mitochondrial dysfunction and ROS overproduction in the direct cytotoxicity process. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All

rights reserved.”
“Benzothiazole (BTA) and its derivatives are the most important heterocyclic compounds, which are common and integral feature of a variety of natural products and pharmaceutical agents. BTA shows a variety of pharmacological properties, and its analogs offer a high degree of structural diversity that has proven useful for the search of new therapeutic agents. The broad spectrum of pharmacological activity in individual BTA derivative indicates that, this series of compounds is of an undoubted interest. The related research and developments in BTA-based medicinal chemistry have become a rapidly developing and increasingly active topic. Particularly, numerous Nocodazole purchase BTA-based compounds as clinical drugs have been extensively used in practice to treat various types of diseases with high therapeutic potency. This work systematically gives a comprehensive review in current developments of BTA-based compounds in the whole range of medicinal chemistry as anticancer, antibacterial, antifungal, antiinflammatory, analgesic, anti-HIV, antioxidant, anticonvulsant, antitubercular, antidiabetic, antileishmanial, antihistaminic, antimalarial and other medicinal agents. find more It is believed that, this review article is helpful for new thoughts in the quest for rational designs

of more active and less toxic BTA-based drugs, as well as more effective diagnostic agents and pathologic probes. (C) 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.”
“In recent years, cancer genome sequencing and other high-throughput studies of cancer genomes have generated many notable discoveries. In this review, novel genomic alteration mechanisms, such as chromothripsis (chromosomal crisis) and kataegis (mutation storms), and their implications for cancer are discussed. Genomic alterations spur cancer genome evolution. Thus, the relationship between cancer clonal evolution and cancer stems cells is commented. The key question in cancer biology concerns how these genomic alterations support cancer development and metastasis in the context of biological functioning.

Discussion: Although descriptive,

our results show th

\n\nDiscussion: Although descriptive,

our results show that antibiotic prevented in part the changes of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. The meningitis model could be a good research tool to study the biological mechanisms involved in the pathophysiology of the K. pneumoniae meningitis.”
“Background Ethnic variation in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) incidence, survival and mortality is not well documented and yet has important equity implications for screening programmes. This study quantifies ethnic differences in hospital incidence, mortality and survival from AAA among Maori, Pacific, Asian and European/other ethnicities in New Zealand (NZ).\n\nMethods Retrospective analysis of linked NZ hospital and death register records identified all patients admitted to a public hospital with a diagnosis click here of AAA and deaths from AAA from 1996 to 2007. Patients were grouped by ethnicity as Asian, Maori, Pacific or European/other.\n\nResults Compared with the European/other group, Maori were 8.3 years younger at first admission, had higher mortality rates (RR = 1.30, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.60 for men; RR =

2.66, CI 2.13 to 3.31 for women), lower 1-year cumulative relative survival (60% vs 73% for men and 56% vs 67% for women; PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitor 3 mouse p < 0.0001 for both) and were much less likely to have their aneurysm repaired electively (39.6% vs 61.1%; p < 0.00001). Also, Maori women but not men were found selleck chemicals llc to have a significantly higher standardised incidence rate (RR = 1.56, 95% CI 1.37 to 1.79). In contrast, the incidence rate ratio for Asians (both men and women) was just 0.38 (95% CI 0.27 to 0.54 and 0.30 to 0.47, respectively) and both sexes also had a significantly lower mortality rate than European/other. Pacific

men but not women also had a significantly lower incidence rate and frequency of aneurysm repair (40.0%; p = 0.027).\n\nConclusions Ethnic variation in the incidence, mortality and cumulative relative survival from AAA in NZ resembles ethnic inequalities in other health outcomes. This provides additional support for screening on equity grounds.”
“Objectives: It is well known that myocardial bridge (MB) is a risk factor of vasospastic angina. However, clinical and angiographic characteristics according to different acetylcholine (ACh) dose in patients with MB are not clarified yet. Methods: A total 483 consecutive patients who had angiographically proven MB underwent the intracoronary ACh provocation test. ACh was injected by incremental doses of 20, 50 and 100 mu g into the left coronary artery. We evaluated the clinical and angiographic characteristics of patients with MB according to 3 different ACh doses. Results: The baseline clinical and procedural characteristics are well balanced among the three groups.

Transgenic expression of the DNA fragment containing the PHT4;1-1

Transgenic expression of the DNA fragment containing the PHT4;1-1 region or the full-length PHT4;1 gene in wild-type conferred enhanced susceptibility to Pseudomonas infection. Interestingly, expression of PHT4;1 is regulated by the circadian clock. Together, these data suggest

that the phosphate transporter PHT4;1 is critical for basal defense and also implicate a potential role of the circadian clock in regulating Tipifarnib nmr innate immunity of Arabidopsis.”
“Purpose: To investigate homology and stress response of p53 (a 53 kDa tumor suppressor protein) orthologue in Sf9 Lepidopteran insect cell line that exhibits very high radioresistance. Materials and methods: Western immunoblotting, immunoprecipitation, degenerate RT-PCR (reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction), electrophoretic gel mobility shift assay, flow cytometry and immuno-fluorescence microscopy were used for characterizing structural and functional features of Sfp53 (Spodoptera frugiperda p53) in -irradiated or etoposide-treated Sf9 insect and BMG-1 (brain malignant glioma) human cells. Cells were pre-treated with caffeine for inhibiting ATM/ATR (ataxia-telangiectasia mutated protein/ATM and Rad-3-related protein) activation, wherever required. Results: A 47-49 kDa protein band was observed with antibodies against three different epitopes, demonstrating conservation of respective

domains in Sfp53. Immunoprecipitation also yielded similar-sized Selleck Nutlin 3 protein. Degenerate RT-PCR resulted in product of same size in both cell lines. Similar gel mobility shift of p53-binding oligonucleotide with BMG-1 and Sf9 cell lysates indicated analogous Prexasertib transcriptional activity of Sfp53. Constitutive Sfp53 level was higher than hp53 (human p53) and showed primarily cytoplasmic localization. Radiation-induced accumulation was considerably less in Sf9 even

as an analogous ATM/ATR-dependent nuclear translocation was observed following -irradiation and etoposide. Conclusions: A smaller-sized Sfp53 orthologue shows highly conserved native structure with DNA-binding, N-terminus and C-terminus domains, and has analogous p53 transcriptional activity. While its nuclear translocation and ATM/ATR dependence were similar to hp53, the cytoplasmic localization and subdued accumulation following -irradiation indicate functional differences from human cells.”
“This study was conducted to determine selected haematological and biochemical parameters of pheasants (Phasianus colchicus) bred in Konya city in Turkey. Forty-five healthy pheasants of different ages (1, 5, and 12 months old) were examined. In the blood samples taken from these animals, haematological and biochemical values were determined. Comparing the haematological and biochemical parameters among the age groups, red blood cell counts, haemoglobin amount, haematocrit values, lymphocyte percentage, and total protein and albumin levels increased with the advancement of age.